California's Global-Warming Battle
July 2007
The largest impact of California's multiprong legal response to global warming may be that it has brought the national debate into even sharper focus.
General Credit
1. The federal government has issued regulations mandating reductions in greenhouse-gas emissions. True False
2. The Senate unanimously ratified the Kyoto Protocol. True False
3. The Kyoto Protocol established mandatory targets for industrialized nations to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions but did not require heavy polluting developing nations such as China and India to meet those targets. True False
4. The federal government has been investigating the impacts of global warming for decades. True False
5. In 2006, Governor Schwarzenegger and British prime minister Tony Blair signed an agreement committing their governments to coordinate efforts to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions. True False
6. Carbon dioxide is not a greenhouse gas. True False
7. The Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 was California’s first legislation concerning global warming. True False
8. The Global Warming Solutions Act provided for the establishment of statewide standards by the California Air Resources Board (CARB) to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions 25 percent by 2020. True False
9. California is the only state that may request and be granted, if certain criteria are met, a waiver by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to impose standards more stringent than those imposed by the Clean Air Act. True False
10. In <i>Massachusetts v. EPA</i>, the U.S. Supreme Court held that the EPA does not have the authority to regulate carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases under the Clean Air Act. True False
11. In <i>Massachusetts v. EPA</i>, the Court held that, with respect to setting tailpipe-emission regulations, the EPA and Department of Transportation cannot both administer their obligations without avoiding inconsistencies. True False
12. In California, plaintiffs have filed a lawsuit claiming that state government violated the California Environmental Quality Act by failing to properly consider the future effect of global warming in assessing a project’s environmental impact. True False
13. California recently filed a nuisance action against power companies in the state, alleging damages caused by their greenhouse-gas emissions. True False
14. There is no scientific evidence that global warming exists. True False
15. In 2002, California passed the Pavley Law, otherwise known as the California Climate Law, authorizing CARB to promulgate regulations to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions. True False
16. In 2004, CARB issued regulations requiring cars built in 2015 or later to achieve reduced greenhouse-gas emissions. True False
17. <i>Massachusetts v. EPA</i> clearly held that the federal government’s right to enter into foreign policy regarding greenhouse-gas regulation preempts state attempts to regulate such emissions. True False
18. Some big businesses in the United States have banded together with environmental groups to urge the federal government to require limits on greenhouse gases tied to global warming. True False
19. In 1992, the United States signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, a binding agreement to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions. True False
20. The Clean Air Act generally preempts state regulation of motor vehicle emissions. True False
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